====== SUMMARY ======
Available funding sources, edu design challenges, and overall lessons.
[ Part 1: Case Studies | Part 2: Summary ]
These are my compiled notes from talking with a bunch of folks about how to make a living working on educational games. Unless something’s in quotes, it’s paraphrased.
Mikael Uusi-Mäkelä, TeacherGaming:
“We’re not competing against each other, we’re competing against existing practices.”
“If there’s a good easy solution, I haven’t found it and I’ve been searching for two years.”
Gonzalo Frasca, Dragonbox:
“If you want to make money, go make Math Blaster.”
====== CASE STUDIES ======
Commercial success stories, indies making it, and studio survival strategies.
[ Part 1: Case Studies | Part 2: Summary ]
1. Make game 2. ??? 3. Profit!
Before starting game development, I tended to have this notion that, once completed, art sorta existed in a vacuum. High-school-Wick at one point argued that you could seriously judge a piece of art on its own merits, regardless of the context in which it was created or the artist’s intentions.
I now appreciate how the environment that a piece of art is designed for totally dictates the shape of that art. These are design decisions that are so fundamental, that feel so natural, they’re invisible unless you’re looking for them. One of the reason Charles Dickens’ books are engaging is that he ends most chapters on a cliffhanger — due to the fact that he originally wrote the chapters for magazines and needed to get people to buy the next one.
In games, the most clearest example of this is the concept of “lives”. Needing to start a game over from the start if you fail a few times wasn’t something a designer came up with because they thought it would enhance the experience; it’s because it drove people to insert more quarters in the machine to buy more lives to continue their game.
An arcade machine’s entire design — lives, levels of increasing difficulty, high score lists, colorful graphics — is molded around its business model. This isn’t inherently a bad thing; you can find games that worked with this structure to tell a story (such as in Missile Command, which was developed during the height of the cold war and whose mechanics demonstrate the inevitability of mutually assured destruction). However, the structure itself is unyielding. The economics demand it.
Hi! Quick intro: My name is Wick, I’m a neuroscientist / solo indie game dev, and I just ran my second successful Kickstarter campaign. The game is called Crescent Loom; players build creatures, weave brains, and explore an underwater ecosystem.
Common wisdom says that most of the time campaigns see a big spike at the start, have a big plateau in the middle, and another spike at the end.
Crescent Loom… did not follow that pattern.
What happened? Lemme back up and give some context to what things were like right before that huge jump.
Crescent Loom’s Kickstarter campaign launches tomorrow morning.
That is to say, ah, it’s been a busy couple days. Weeks. I don’t even know any more. @[email protected] I’m tired and sleep-deprived but it’s coming together and (despite the wretched political situation) I have a spark of hope and excitement in my heart.
This’ll be a bit of a pre-mortem.
- Video editing has taken up the vast majority of my last few days. I dunno if I’m just really slow, but I think the final time-spent-producing / length-of-video ratio is around 10 hours per minute of footage. Blender, you’re wonderful, but I think we need some space. The result seems to be a video that is pretty but spends maybe more time with me excitedly talking about neurons than the game.
- Reaching out to press is a skill I seriously need to work on. I spent days setting up a press kit for Crescent Loom and writing a press release for the launch of the campaign, then only ended up sending a dozen emails or so (rather than the hundred-plus that really excellent marketers send). I’ll keep the hustle going throughout the campaign, but it is usually a lot more effective to make those contacts ahead of time. Let’s call this an area of potential growth.
- The alpha demo still has a few glitches (and the save-load feature isn’t quite at 100%) but is very pretty and gets the idea across. If kids picked up and enjoyed the really early tech demo back at OMSI, I think the current version will do just fine. I also made a subreddit as a place for people to share links to the creatures they create with the demo. We’ll see if that’s something that interests people.
- I dropped the project goal from $20k to $16k after a night thoroughly researching the numbers on other people’s completed campaigns. A surprising takeaway for me was how little it seemed that reward tiers actually mattered — the biggest correlate for the campaign’s funding was simply how many people backed it (at least at the scale Crescent Loom; it separates out a in the megaprojects).
- I’ll need about 700 people to make $16k, which means about 200 within the first 48 hours (you get about a third of your backers at the start and end dates and the rest spread out in the middle). The CL facebook page has 50 likes, which means that I probably have at least that many friends and family who’ll end up as backers, which is almost the right order of magnitude, at least. Fingers crossed.
- Having a few solid high-end tiers add up fast, but really can only push you above the average for how many backers you have. As a consequence, I added a few $100+ tiers for an art project I’ve been wanting to do for a while: laser-etched Ramon y Cajal illustrated wooden panels.
Whatever happens in the next few days is gonna have a huge effect on the course of my life. Making an interactive neural circuit game has been a dream of mine for almost a half-decade. I believe that Crescent Loom has an enormous potential to teach and do some good in the world.
Fingers crossed, into the breach we go. See you on the other side!
The hustle never ends.
Over the last month, we’ve done a couple of experiments in publicity. Starship Rubicon was in the Bundle Stars Trinity 3 Bundle, we run a couple of Steam Visibility Rounds, started releasing Steam Coupons, participated in the Steam Exploration Sale, and put out a demo. My notes ended up being longer than I expected, so I’ve split things up a bit. Here’s my take on how the bundle went:
(Note: Valve has asked us to not share our exact sales numbers. I feel like that takes a bit of the teeth out of a postmortem, but there are still plenty of lessons to be shared)
I was going to write a standard postmortem for Starship Rubicon— explain what we tried, show some stats, and pull out some lessons. I’ll do some of that later, but I think I’m starting to realize that any specific tips I can share is less important than something else I learned.
Steam traffic is a gigantic morass — having my game on the front page that first morning felt like timidly standing in the empty floor of the stock exchange moments before it opens. Suddenly, before I can take a breath, the wave of humanity hits. One million (1,000,000) views on the front page, Steam promises. It only took a couple hours. Store page clicks were two orders of magnitude lower than that.
Final sales? Two orders of magnitude lower.
Not gonna lie, I was disappointed. I’d seen the ocean and only felt a drop. Continue reading
WARNING : MASSIVE STATISTICAL GRAPH FLEET APPROACHING
I think our traffic graph speaks for itself. We had a huge initial surge (I assume from being on the front page of Greenlight for being “recently submitted”) which QUICKLY dropped off over the week as we moved further and further away from the front page. The later minor spikes came from exposure through Let’s Players and Twitch streamers (huge shout out to Stream Friends, Maris from GamerQuest, and many others).
Then came what is only known as the Dark Times, where we weren’t actively promoting it and were more-or-less sitting pretty at a steady ~40% of the way to the top 100. We were banking on getting more bumps down the line from doing some conventions and maybe a bundle. Then BAM! Out of the blue, Greenlit! So what on Earth happened??? Why did we get Greenlit when we did? Read on for our best guess:
Full disclosure on the statistics of Rubicon’s Kickstarter campaign:
:: STATS & COMMENTARY ::
Runtime: 29 days
I set my goal to the absolute minimum I needed to do the project. My expenses were low: I only needed to cover my own cost-of-living and I focused on backer rewards that were mostly free for me to fulfill (emails, beta tester status, adding backer names into the game). After doing the math, I was surprised by what a low number I needed- a lot of video game projects on the site ask for $10,000+. I guess there are perks to doing everything yourself.
Promotion: VERY little Continue reading